LET’S GO SHOPPING!

Talking about shopping, past tenses and ‘ED’ pronunciation. 

This lesson has 3 parts. 

DIALOGUE:
In this lesson you will learn common phrasal verbs and expressions to talk about shopping. You will listen to an everyday dialogue in a supermarket and hear these key phrasal verbs in context. 

PRONUNCIATION:
You will learn how to pronounce the three different ‘ED’ sounds for regular past verbs. You can listen to the audio and repeat for practice. Then you can listen to another dialogue using past tense regular verbs with ‘ED’ endings. Listen to the dialogue and repeat. 

SHORT STORY:
Then you can listen to a short story called “James Goes Solo” about a man who travels to New York City for the first time, on his own. 

In the short story you will see:
– the key phrasal verbs in a story context.
– the past tenses in context.
– past simple regular verbs with ‘ed’. 

You can use this story and audio to;
– practice your listening comprehension.
– learn the key phrasal verbs in a context.
– practice your pronunciation by reading aloud and imitating the audio. 

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CONVERSATION TRANSCRIPT

John; So what do we need for this camping trip?

Sally; Well, I think we should get some sausages. We need some veggies as well for salad. I don’t know, what do you feel like eating?

John; Let’s stock up on chocolate. We’ll need the sugar for energy.

Sally; Oh no, I’m on a diet. I have to keep away from that stuff. Don’t tempt me! We should get some canned food. You pick out what you want.

John; Oh, I don’t know some corn, beans, beetroot, I s’pose. Oh, I wonder if they’ve got lychees over there.

Sally; Ask the staff.

John; Excuse me. Do you stock canned lychees here?

Staff; Ah No sorry, we seem to be out of stock.

Sally; $10.00 for beef sausages! Not even organic! What a rip off!

John; Shhh! That’s fine. We need something to eat. We need to eat something!

Sally; I’m not forking out that much for sausages. It’s ridiculous!

Staff; Actually, those sausages have been marked down so they’re just $6.99.

John; We can’t take too many perishables anyway. Can you tell me where your plastic cutlery is?

Staff; Down aisle 3.

John; Thanks

Sally; I don’t like this place. It’s too pricey!

John; Would you rather shop around some more then?

Sally; Let’s just grab these and go to the check out. NOW!!!

      PHRASAL VERBS

  • to stock up on
  • to keep away from
  • to pick out (what you want / like)
  • to fork out
  • mark down
  • shop around

VOCABULARY MATCH EXERCISE

Match the phrasal verb to it’s meaning below.  

  1. to stock up on
  2. to keep away from (or ‘stay away from’)
  3. to pick out (what you want / like)
  4. to fork out
  5. to mark down
  6. to shop around

a. to spend a lot of money
b. to build a supply of something
c. to reduce the price
d. to avoid
e. to shop at different stores to find what you want at the best price
f. to choose / select from a number of alternatives

Answers;
1 = b
2 = d
3 = f
4 = a
5 = c
6 = e

OTHER VOCABULARY

  • Veggies = Short for ‘vegetables’. (Australian slang)
  • To feel like something = To desire / want something.
  • Canned = Food that is stored in a can.
  • To be out of stock = To have no more supply in the store.
  • A rip off = very expensive (slang)
  • Perishables = Fresh food that can go old after a few days, such as fruit and vegetables.
  • Cutlery = Forks, knives, spoons etc. Utensils you use to eat with. 
  • Pricey = Expensive. (informal)
  • Check out = The place where you pay for your groceries at the supermarket. 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

REGULAR PAST VERBS: ‘ED’ SOUND

Let’s practice the ‘ED’ sound for regular past verbs. This can be difficult for many English learners because there are three different types of sounds, depending on the ending of the base verb. Let’s look at this table and practice. Use the audio to listen and repeat.

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ED PRONUNCIATION RULES

  • We pronounce / t / after voiceless sounds: /p/, /k/, /s/, /f/ and voiceless / th / sound.
  • We pronounce /d / after voiced sounds: /b/,/g/,/v/,/z/,/m/, /n /, / l /, / r / , voiced / th / sound and all vowels.
  • We pronounce /id/ after /d/ and /t/ sounds.

PRACTICE WITH A DIALOGUE

Now let’s practice these sounds in a dialogue. First you can listen to the slow version of the dialogue, read the transcript and repeat. Pay attention to the /T/, /D/ or /ID/ sounds. 

PRACTICE WITH A DIALOGUE.
As you listen, mark under the ‘ED’ sound under the past verbs; /T/, /D/ or /ID/.

Andrew: So what did you do yesterday, Janine?

Janine: Well I waited for three hours before Alice arrived at the station. She was late!

Andrew: You waited for that long? You should have relaxed at home.

Janine: No, I worked on my laptop and created a new website.

Andrew: Wow, you’re very productive. I stayed at home and watched a movie.

Janine: That’s all you did??

Andrew: No. I also called some friends.

Janine: Well Alice and I walked and talked for a while. Then she studied her English while I cooked dinner.

Andrew: Did she like your dinner?

Janine: She loved it. We played a game of cards and then I learned that she can she speak French as well.

Andrew: I hated French at school. Anyway, I’ve decided to take guitar classes.

Janine: I really enjoyed French when I was at school. I also enjoyed guitar, piano public speaking……..

Andrew: Well you’re just perfect, aren’t you, Janine?

Janine: Have you tidied your room?

Andrew: I started tidying it but I got tired. So I opened the chocolate biscuits and ate them all!

Janine: ohhhhh!!!!

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SHORT STORY EXERCISE: 

JAMES GOES SOLO

Now we have the short story exercise. I suggest you follow the steps that I recommend for these exercises. You can also use the transcript. Pay attention to the highlighted past tense regular verbs. Listen carefully and try to note down the ‘ED’ sound for each one. 
You can download the transcript to make notes.

LISTEN TO THE MINI STORY: THE STEPS;

My 3 step process for MINI STORIES

  1. Listen without the transcript. Simply listen and try to understand the story.
  2. Listen again and read the transcript at the same time.
  3. Now read the story out aloud. Speak the text aloud. You can listen to the audio again and pause to repeat. This is called “imitation”. Improve your pronunciation by trying to ‘copy’ the speaker.

You will also notice the key phrasal verbs in context in this story. 

You will also see the different past tenses used in this story. 

TALKING ABOUT THE PAST

PAST SIMPLE

SUBJECT + VERB (past) (+ TO + VERB) / OBJECT

“So James decided to go alone anyway.”

Past simple is used;

– for the MAIN EVENTS of the story.
– for QUICK / SHORT actions.
– for the ORDER OF EVENTS.

PAST CONTINUOUS

SUBJECT + WAS / WERE + VERB ING

“He was feeling very overwhelmed as he cautiously walked through Times Square.”

Past continuous is used;

  • for BACKGROUND DETAIL.
  • for ACTIONS IN PROGRESS AROUND THE TIME OF THE EVENT.
  • for LONGER actions.

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

SUBECT + HAD + VERB (no 3) + OBJECT

“It had always been his dream to travel to all the major cities of the world.”

Past Perfect Simple is used;

  • for BACKGROUND DETAIL BEFORE THE MAIN EVENT.
  • for SHORTER actions that HAPPENED BEFORE (the main action)

Now listen and read the story and pay attention to how the past tenses are used.

 

STORY TRANSCRIPT

JAMES GOES SOLO

James had never been in such a massive department store in all his life.

He grew up on a farm in rural South Australia so he felt like a complete fish out of water in a city like New York. But it had always been his dream to travel to all the major cities of the world. He had hoped to do it with the woman he wanted to marry but that didn’t work out after she ditched him before they made it to the altar.

“You only live once!” he said to himself.

So James decided to go alone anyway.

It was his second day in the Big Apple after arriving from Los Angeles the day before. He was feeling very overwhelmed as he cautiously walked through Times Square feeling bewildered (and overwhelmed).

He stared open mouthed at the looming sky-scrapers that swirled around him. It seemed like they wanted to topple over and fall down.

James was not a fan of shopping. In fact he was not a fan of big cities but still he and his fiancé had planned to come here for their honeymoon. Since that didn’t work out, he was determined to do it anyway. It was also the middle of winter. There was snow heaped all around him. James did not have the appropriate clothes for such low temperatures and needed to stock up on gloves, hats and thermal underwear!

He decided he should check out at least one of the most famous department stores in the world, Macy’s. James was on a strict budget so he had to stay away from any of the pricey departments but after looking around for a while he found himself in the jewellery section. He stood in the centre of the aisle, looking around, lost in his own thoughts.

A very glamorous looking woman with a big hairdo walked up to him. Her name tag read “Gloria”.

“Can I help you sir? Are you looking for anything in particular?”

She beamed a glossy lipstick smile at him. Strong but alluring perfume wafted around her.

“Ahh…I ah…yes. I’m looking for a ring. For my fiancé”. James wasn’t sure why he said that. He surprised himself. Gloria took him over to a huge, sparkling glass case display. It was full of dazzling jewels; necklaces, rings and bracelets of twinkling gold and silver.

James had never seen anything like it in his life.

“Take your time to pick out something you like. Oh, and by the way, these diamond rings over here have been marked down by 25%. Just let me know if you need any help. I’ll be right over there”. She flashed a warm and charming smile at him.

For a moment, James felt a sense of comfort in this bright, neon flashy space full of overly perfumed women and sophisticated whispers. There was a calm atmosphere in the place, a feeling of escape, at least from the overbearing city outside.

He took a deep breath as he scanned the shining rings and necklaces. The face of his ex-fiancee, Jennifer, came into his mind. He could see her big beautiful smile and warm brown eyes. He was remembering how they had met on a wine tour in South Australia and how she had always dreamed of traveling to New York. He missed her a lot.

He suddenly awoke from his daydream, finding himself staring down at the jewellery display.

“Do you like that one?” Gloria asked. “Sorry?” James responded.

“You’re looking at that ring, the one with the green emeralds. Would you like to take a look?”.

“How much is it?” he asked.

“That one is $3850”.

“What?? I’m not forking out that much for a ring! What a rip off! I have to go, sorry!”

“You can keep shopping around, but you won’t find anything like this anywhere else!” Gloria yelled out at him as he ran from the store.

James wandered around the New York streets as evening fell. He felt like relaxing and having a drink, so he walked into a small bar on the Upper West Side. He sat down on the comfortable lounge and looked at the menu. He’d never tried a cocktail before. “Time for new things” he thought. “New experiences”.

He ordered a Martini, something very different, and sat back, listening to the soothing jazz music.

Across from him there was a woman with a soft face and kind blue eyes, drinking a martini too. They looked at each other and she smiled, raising her glass ‘Cheers!’

James smiled back. “I think I might stay in New York for a while” he thought.

All works confidential and copyright © Nick Dale
Real English Speaker
All rights reserved.

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